# Reviewing and merging patches¶

Everyone is encouraged to review open pull requests. We only ask that you try and think carefully, ask questions and are excellent to one another. When engaging in code review, remember that you are bound by the Code of Conduct. Code review is our opportunity to share knowledge, design ideas and make friends.

When reviewing a patch try to keep each of these concepts in mind:

## Architecture¶

• Is the proposed change being made in the correct place?

## Intent¶

• What is the change being proposed?
• Do we want this feature or is the bug they’re fixing really a bug?

## Implementation¶

• Does the change do what the author claims?
• Are there sufficient tests?
• Should and has it been documented?
• Will this change introduce new bugs?

## Grammar and style¶

These are small things that are not caught by the automated style checkers.

• Does a variable need a better name?
• Should this be a keyword argument?

## Testing branches on your local machine¶

It can be helpful to check out a branch with a pull request (PR) on it, in order to test how the changes in it work on your machine.

First, make sure that your local copy of the Warehouse repo is configured with an upstream branch so that the following command:

git remote -v


Has this output:

origin  https://github.com/<username>/warehouse.git (fetch)
upstream  https://github.com/pypa/warehouse.git (fetch)
upstream  https://github.com/pypa/warehouse.git (push)


In this output, <username> is your GitHub username. If you do not have an upstream branch configured, you can add one by running the following command:

git remote add upstream git@github.com:pypa/warehouse.git


Pull down the PR branch by running these commands:

git checkout master
git fetch upstream pull/<id>/head:<branchname>


In this example, upstream refers to the Warehouse repository on GitHub. <id> refers to the sequence of digits after the pull request’s title. <branchname> creates a new branch on your machine which has the pull request on it. If you create a branch in your local repository with the name <branchname> before pulling down the PR branch, this command will fail.

In order to test the branch, first switch to the new branch with the PR on it that you have pulled down:

git checkout <branchname>


Once you are on the PR branch, it’s probably best to rebase the changes against the current master branch. The older the PR is, the more important it is to do this, since differences between master and the PR branch will have accumulated over time. These differences may lead to difficulty in testing the changes in the PR branch.

git checkout <branchname>
git fetch upstream
git rebase upstream/master


These commands replay the changes in the PR against the master branch. Once you have completed these steps, you are ready to test the PR branch.

If you have found any bugs in the course of your testing, you can leave a brief comment describing the issue you encountered on GitHub in the comments under the issue.

## Testing with twine¶

If you are testing Warehouse locally, you may want to use twine to try uploading a test package. First, checkout the branch you would like to test. Then, start up the development environment (as described in Getting started). Once you have the Warehouse site working on localhost:80, you can upload a package to the version of Warehouse running in your development environment with Twine using the following command:

twine upload --repository-url http://localhost/legacy/ -u <username> -p password <path to distribution>


In the command above,

• <path to distribution> should be a path to a distribution file (or directory of distribution files) of the package you would like to test, likely created by running python setup.py sdist. See the Python Packaging User Guide for instructions on how to create a distribution file or directory.
• <username> is the username of the account you would like to test with. Note that your current PyPI username may not exist in the development environment.
• password is the literal string “password”. All passwords in the development environment have been set to this value.

## Merge requirements¶

• Patches must never be pushed directly to master, all changes (even the most trivial typo fixes!) must be submitted as a pull request.
• A patch that breaks tests, or introduces regressions by changing or removing existing tests should not be merged. Tests must always be passing on master.
• If somehow the tests get into a failing state on master (such as by a backwards incompatible release of a dependency) no pull requests may be merged until this is rectified.
• All merged patches must have 100% test coverage.
• All user facing strings must be marked for translation and the .pot and .po files must be updated.